In 1582 the General Estates (parliament) of the Netherlands finally renounced the King of Spain, for violating the ancient privileges of the Provinces. They introduced a new suzerain who would theoretically rule all the Netherlands provinces, but in practice was only recognised in the North. The (Catholic) French Duke of Anjou, a younger brother of the French King assumed the Lordship over all Seventeen Provinces. He was known as the Duke of Brabant, since long the central state of the Provinces. Of course he also took titles for all the other provinces. He wasn't a complacent suzerain and interfered in the affairs of State in a way not to the liking of the General Estates and the Prince of Orange. When he died the suzerainty was offered to the English Queen Elizabeth. She sent her former favourite the Earl of Leicester, an even more meddlesome fellow than Anjou had been. In the meantime the Prince of Orange was murdered by a Spanish agent, and succeeded by his son Maurice, as Stadtholder of Holland and Zealand and Head of the army. When Leicester was tossed out in 1588, the actions of the new Spanish Governor Requesens and his General Alexander Duke of Parma had greatly reduced the territory of the Uprising. The General Estates decided to give the suzerainty to the States of the separate provinces, making the country a Confederate Republic known to posterity as the Republic of United Provinces, with the General Estates as their highest organ and the Stadtholders as chief executives of the Republic. Maurice, a brilliant warrior now set out to regain much of the lost territory from the Spanish.